100 Years Ago

The following news items are reprinted from the Manistee Daily News for the week ending November 3, 1917 and are compiled by Teena Kracht from the newspaper archives of the Manistee County Historical Museum. Read more of her 100 Years Ago column at www.manisteenews.com:Muesum pic

“Manistee County is going away ‘over the top’ in the Liberty loan subscriptions, Bear Lake district alone taking more than had been estimated for the entire county.

“Reports from meetings in rural schoolhouses show that the farmer is not only waking up to the necessity of the bonds, but is meeting the emergency by buying liberally. Meetings continue to draw large audiences and produce practical results.

“Manistee is threatened with a very imminent sugar famine. Some dealers are entirely out of this staple. It is said that there is less than one day’s supply in the combined bins of all the local grocers.

“All of which is going to be severe on everybody, but especially the people who like three or four lumps in their cup of coffee or a thick frosting on their cakes, and on confectioners and bakers.

“Local retailers, although they have plenty of sugar bought, are unable to secure it from their wholesalers. Grocers in various part of the city yesterday were tickling the bare boards in the bottom of their bins as they gingerly scooped out maximum allowances of two pounds for especially favored customers.

“A notification received yesterday by C. N. Russell from one of the biggest wholesale firms in the middle west informed him that they regretted very much that they were unable to fill his order, as they were out of sugar and could not guess when they would receive another supply. The situation was outlined as follows:

“’The entire sugar output has been taken over by the U. S. Food Administration Sugar Distributing committee. All jobbers are absolutely dependent upon this committee for their sugar supply.

“The jobbers will be apportioned a certain number of cars by the committee, but at no time are they to have more than a two weeks’ supply on hand. The same holds true of the retailer. As unofficial representatives of the food administration, we are requested to see that no dealer is allowed to load up his warehouse on sugar, and that you carry only a limited supply on hand.

“The retailer in turn must see that the consumer’s supply and requirements are cut down. Give your customers only a limited amount, two or three pounds per customer, and teach them that sugar is a precious item and should be conserved accordingly. We must have, however, absolute conservation and positively no hoarding.’

“Homeless and without father, mother or friends, Harold Bryen, 29 years old, was yesterday sentenced to serve 90 days in the county jail after he had pleaded guilty to stealing a raincoat and pair of rubbers from a P. M. train.

“Bryen, down and out and probably hungry and tired, went to a Detroit labor shipping office recently and secured employment [at] and transportation to the Junction Dam project.

“While the train was nearing the destination, Bryen went into another coach and took the coat and rubbers, it is said. He was cold and wore the garment after reaching the dam.

“Sheriff Waal was notified after complaint was made and went to the project after Bryen. He pleaded guilty when arraigned yesterday.

“Trinity German Lutheran church will fittingly observe the 400th anniversary of the beginning of the Reformation next week with services on Sunday and Wednesday.

“The beginning of the Reformation is dated from October 31, 1517, when Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the door of the castle church at Wittenberg.

“In connection with these jubilee ceremonies, emphasis will also be placed upon the part that Lutherans have played in the settlement and development of America. It is a fact not generally known that a Lutheran minister preached in America and died on American soil eight months before the Pilgrim fathers landed at Plymouth Rock. Holland Lutherans were among the first settlers in what is now Greater New York, while Swedish Lutherans were on the Delaware to greet and shake hands with William Penn when he arrived to establish Pennsylvania.

“Local transportation lines will be subject to the new passenger and freight ‘war tax’ which becomes effective Nov. 1, according to advance notification received by local officials.

“Eight per cent of the total cost of passage tickets sold or issued in the United States will be collected from passengers as a ‘war tax’ unless the ticket costs less than 36 cents.

“The measure of all freight taxation will be three per cent of the amount paid for the transportation from one point in the United States to another.

“THE MELANCHOLY DAYS are indeed come. Today is one of them.

“ALMOST ANY DOCTOR can tell you how not to catch a cold. Almost any doctor, though, can catch a cold.

“BANKS WILL BE OPEN tonight to execute contracts and receive first payments on Liberty bonds. No other business will be transacted.

“MOST HOUSEHOLDERS will consider Administrator Garfield’s warning against hoarding in the light of a cruel joke. Can’t hoard what you can’t get.

“THEATRICAL PATRONS are to be assessed a ‘war tax’ on every ticket costing above 10 cents. There certainly will be a shortage of pennies before long. A 10-cent theatre ticket will cost you 11 cents after Nov. 1.

“RUNNING THE KITCHEN successfully did require brains. Now it demands a considerable degree of patriotism.

“CONVENTION has been held in the east for the purpose if improving letter writing. And just as we are about to see 3-cent postage!

“AMERICAN TROOPS IN FIRST LINE TRENCHES. FIRST SHOT FIRED BY U. S. ARTILLERY IN FRENCH SECTOR. Infantry Wades Through Mud in Tiny Village; Order for Silence Checks Desire to Sing Marching Song.

“Drive For Food Conservation Is Well Under Way. Pulpits Will Ring Tomorrow With Patriotic Appeals Urging Manisteeans to Swat the Kaiser by Observing ‘Food Pledge Week.’

“’Homes United; food conserved; families enrolled; America invincible. Strike hard; Washington looks to you.’ (Signed) HERBERT HOOVER.

“The big drive is on in Manistee County to enlist every housewife in the United States food administration service. Under orders from Washington and Lansing, all the patriotic elements of the community are planning a week of concerted effort to carry Manistee ‘over the top’ in a great campaign to rival the Liberty Loan campaign just coming to a close. Five thousand five hundred signed pledges for Manistee county are apportioned by E. F. Prescott, food administrator of the state of Michigan. In order to secure this number, practically every family in the county will have to sign the pledge to save the wheat, the meat, sugar and fats so the United States may be able to keep the Allies from starving while they hold back the enemy across the water, and so we may be able to feed our own great armies and our civil population, so all may have food enough for health and efficiency.

“Cincinnati, Oct. 29.—Stripped of clothing and beaten unmercifully, pacifist leader and pastor of the People’s church here, was found at Florence, Ky., today.

“He had been kidnapped by a band of men in 21 automobiles, who turned him loose after dipping him in crude petroleum.

“All evidence indicates he was a victim of an oath-bound organization sworn to wreak vengeance on pacifists and others not in accord with the government’s war policies. A blacksnake whip was used on Bigelow.

“Bigelow, president of the recent Ohio constitutional convention, was kidnapped Sunday night while entering a hall at Newport, Ky., to address a gathering of Socialists.

“After he had been stripped, Bigelow said, his hands were tied around a tree. Then the leader of the vigilantes said: ‘In the name of the women and children of Belgium and France, strike!’

“Then the first blow fell. Seven more lashes fell across his back. The men, he said, were masked and wore white aprons, similar to Ku Klux costumes.

“Today is coal day for Michigan and Ohio and every dealer and user of coal in the two states is anxiously awaiting returns from the mines in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, Michigan and Ohio, whose entire output of soft coal for 24 hours is to be set aside for these two states.

“In Manistee the situation has become very acute, dealers and manufacturing establishments having been unable to get coal although their orders had been in for two months. Much depends upon the success of today’s efforts.

“It is hoped to obtain a sufficient supply to at least relieve the present shortage and tide the city over until coal mining and distribution conditions become more nearly normal.

“’TIS ROTTEN! VERILY ‘TWAS a miserable day.

“RUMANIAN ORCHESTRA will open the Lyceum course numbers at the Ramsdelll theatre tonight. Only one performance will be given.

“COACH KRANTZ had his gridders out in the rain and mud this afternoon. They were a merry sight after the scrimmage was over. Ludington is scheduled to play Saturday.

“RYE AND PUMPERNICKEL breads, the latter a mixture of rye and graham, are suggested as aids to the food conservation movement by the Hornkohl bakery, which is featuring their production at present.

“PRIVATE CITIZEN WILSON and Democratic Leader Wilson came out unequivocally for woman suffrage Thursday. President Wilson has not expressed himself, and indignant suffs continue to picket the White House fence.

“T. B. TYNDALL, local manager of the Michigan Tanning & Extract company, has returned from a visit to Camp Custer, where his son, Harold, is a corporal in the National army. Mr. Tyndall saw most of the Manistee contingent there, partook of mess with them, and brought back many messages to their friends. He found the boys all in good health and spirits, he states, well housed, fed and clothed, and said they all claimed and appeared to be gaining in weight.

“FOOD IS MOST VITAL OF ALL OUR AMMUNITION. So Says Food Administrator Herbert Hoover in Special Food Pledge Appeal to the People of the Nation. An Ounce of Meat, a Slice of Bread Saved in Each Home Will Weigh Heavily in the Scales Against Kaiser.

“Manistee was last night lashed with the most terrific blizzard that has swept the city in a year.

“Rain, hail, sleet and snow, accompanied by a wind of hurricane force hurled violently across miles of unbroken lakes, struck town with a thunderous roar that shook foundations and started a whining song through wires and trees that sounded like the wailings of a lost soul.

“Accompanied by a steady falling temperature, the blizzard reached its zenith about mid-evening. The wind lessened somewhat and a steady, wet snow fell, speedily, covering the city in a mantle of white.

“So far as reports are concerned, no damage of consequence was done.

“Not only in private homes, but also in restaurants, hotels and boarding houses meatless Tuesday is being rigidly observed today. Beef, mutton and pork are off the bills of fare. Their places are taken by fish, chicken and in many instances by strictly vegetarian menus.

“And everybody is happy and satisfied. Everybody seems to be willing to enlist in the volunteer army of food conservationists. Some take it seriously and abstain from their favorite meats in the spirit of performing a duty that must be done. Others go at it jokingly and treat it as a game; not that they fail to realize the importance of the movement, but it is their nature to take the good and the bad in a cheerful way, so long as they know others are observing the same regulations.

“WASHINGTON, Oct. 30.—The ‘Great White Ways’ of America’s cities will be darkened soon.

“By order to be issued next week the fuel administration will say that all unnecessary outdoor lighting will be discontinued during the war to save fuel. Simultaneously appeal will be made to curtail indoor lighting.

“FIVE-CENT TAX TO BE PLACED ON TELEGRAPH MESSAGES ON NOV. 1.

“YOU HAVE NOT A KICK coming at all. The first snow last year fell on October 23.

“BOB SLEDS might have been put to excellent use in negotiating the several highways today. Slippery going was in order.

“KIDS WILL HAVE a hard time enjoying themselves tomorrow night if the weather continues as it was today. Watch your step, boys.

“WE HAVE NEVER delved into ancient history, but our opinion off-hand is that the owl was used as a symbol of wisdom because he never expresses his thoughts in words.

“Three-cent letter postage, and two cents for postal card messages, will become effective here with the first mailings Friday morning.

“Preliminaries for the campaign for subscriptions for the Y. M. C. A. war work in training camps and overseas were perfected yesterday afternoon, following a talk made by N. B. Potter of Cadillac, superintendent of the drive in 10 counties in this part of the state.

“Mr. Potter addressed a large audience of ladies at the Public library and vividly portrayed the need of the Y. M. C. A. and showed the wonderful work done by this organization in making camps more homelike for soldiers, giving them conveniences that the government could not attempt to give and affording opportunities for amusement, reading and entertainment that not only while away the spare hours but help immeasurably in keeping the young men from straying in false directions in their quest of pleasure.

“An announcement of vital importance to Manistee motorists was made by Louis Gamache today when he stated that Manistee Tire & Repair company, now located at Washington street and Fifth avenue, would be transferred to the new and remodeled quarters on the old National garage building by Monday morning.

“Because auto tires are nearly as scarce in Beulah as in Germany, N. D. Potter nearly missed keeping his engagement to start the Y. M. C. A. war work campaign here yesterday afternoon.

“At noon he was stalled with a flat tire. Nary another tire was to be had in the whole goldinged county seat, and Potter finally phoned to Manistee that he would be unable to come. But he was told that 50 ladies were awaiting his coming and that no substitute speakers would be quite as satisfactory as he.

“Again he made the rounds of the town with the biblical name. Again he was unsuccessful. But he was persistent and resourceful. He began to entreat and plead with private citizens to lend or sell him a tire and finally upon the urgent argument of doing a patriotic service, a car owner loaned him the use of one of his tires, removing it from his own car.

“A little late, but tingling with the knowledge of a big obstacle successfully overcome, Potter chugged in, much to the relief of the two men who had been conscripted to speak if he failed to make the grade in time.

“Kids, go to it!

“’Tis Hallowe’en and Chief Grady and his bluecoats and Sheriff Waal and his officers, are goin’ to open up and give you all the leeway possible to help you have a good time.

“There is only one restriction placed on the N. G. list of things you mustn’t do. Don’t destroy property. That’s all that is asked. Celebrate, make a noise, rattle tin pans—do all the usual Hallowe’en stunts—but don’t destroy anything. You’ll get in bad with the big guys if you do.

“Chief Grady and the other guardians of the city’s peace have all been kids themselves and they want Manistee’s coming men to have a good time tonight, but they ask that the law be observed. Any malicious destruction of property might be strictly against their liking and they might do terrible things to you.

“So go to it, fellows! The streets are slippery and the sidewalks glossy but ‘tis Hallowe’en and time for celebration.

“IT’S ALL RIGHT to eat corn and save wheat for the Allies. But wouldn’t it be practical to teach the Allies to eat some of the corn themselves?

“The small sum of $9.47 now only stands between us and the $500 contribution to ‘Our Boys in France Tobacco Fund’ we had hoped to secure in Manistee. Yesterday Mrs. Richard W. Smith , whose charitable activities are so numerous that space can hardly be devoted to telling of them, put the News-Advocate’s Manistee fund within easy range of the goal toward which we have so long been striving, when she donated $10 to the smoke fund for the boys who are battling over in France.

“This queenly gift will carry cheer and solace and a message of American friendship and friendliness and support to 40 American soldiers who are far from the comforts of home, fighting our battle on foreign soil. In each package a postcard bearing the name and address of the contributor is enclosed, by means of which the recipient of the favor is expected to acknowledge its receipt and express his thanks.

“Now who’ll help us add the needed $9.47 to the fund? Compared with many larger cities Manistee has made a magnificent showing. The people have been very generous in their contributions to the tobacco fund, and we want them all to know that we are sincerely appreciative. But it wouldn’t hurt our feelings a bit if some one who could well afford it would just make up the deficiency, and put the finishing touch to a splendid campaign for a deserving cause.

“At their regular meeting yesterday afternoon the directors of the Board of Commerce took initial steps toward securing a greater supply of fish for Manistee as part of the food conservation movement.

“An appeal is to be made to the state game and fish department to suspend some of the restrictions on the taking of fish, especially in Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, during the continuance of the war.

“This action was taken at the suggestion of City Manage Ruger, who explained that it has been an unsolvable puzzle to citizens that, with any amount of fish in the lake and nearby streams, it is almost impossible to get fish for the table here.

“Until the serious coal situation is relieved, at least, Manistee will have but one train in and one out on its main artery of communication with the outside world each week day, and none on Sunday, which may truthfully be said as a step from bad to worse in the matter of rail service.

“Passengers desiring to leave Manistee on the P. M. will now be compelled to take the 6 o’clock morning train, while the one due in at 12:30 noon will be the only incoming train on that line.

“Not only is passenger traffic of the road seriously affected, but freight traffic as well. For the present, at least, the local freight will be run only every other week day, Mondays, Wednesday and Fridays.

“The two trains which are stricken from the schedule have been the best patronized of any in or out of the city and local officials of the line, who have no control of the situation, would vastly have preferred that these two be continued and the others taken off.

“Local Agent S. H. Nelson deplores as anyone can the inconvenience this exigency causes to Manistee. He summed up the situation in the statement: ‘The road can’t run trains without coal, and it can’t get coal.’

“So again, on account of our peculiar geographic location, Manistee is up against it, with nothing to do but take it philosophically and regard it as a wartime contingency which we have no power to avert, another sacrifice we must make, a discomfiture that is our misfortune and not our fault.

“But there still remain one or two ways of egress and ingress. People can take the mid-afternoon Manistee & Northeastern train to Kaleva and make connections for the south.

“Then there are seasons of the year when motoring is fair and boats run more or less regularly to points where boats can run. As a last resort, one can always walk, although the walking to the south cannot be classed as first-class.

“What are we going to do about it? Just what we’ve always done, submit.

“The agent says they can’t run trains without coal, which sounds reasonable. Pray for the day when they can, and keep sweet.

“PERE MARQUETTE SEEKS TO REDUCE FREIGHT SERVICE. REFUSES TO ACCEPT CERTAIN FREIGHT AT WAREHOUSES AFTER 4 P. M. SHIPPERS CALL MEETING TO OPPOSE ALL CHANGES.

“Close on the heels of the announcement that the P. M. would curtail its passenger service, came word that Manistee’s local transportation facilities would be bettered through the medium of a merger.

“R. M. Hoffman, who has managed the Hoffman livery since March 15, 1904, today transferred his interests to Thomas Ford through an extended lease of the Water street barns, from which location the Ford livery, augmented and better equipped, will hereafter operate city and rural transportation lines.

“The management of the new Hotel Chippewa, west Michigan’s finest hostelry, announces that the formal opening will take place at a dinner dance Thanksgiving Day.

“The occasion, which will mark the opening of the social season in Manistee, will be made notable. Tickets will be sold at $5 per couple and 20 per cent of the gross receipts will be turned over to the Manistee chapter of the American Red Cross.

“Manistee celebrated Hallowe’en in orderly fashion last night. No damage has been reported, no accidents have been registered.

“There were a number of private parties, the theatres were open as usual but gave no special performances. The Midway dance pavilion attracted a large crowd of merry-makers.

“Hallowe’en has lost its original wildness in later years. Gone is the time when large gangs set out to wreak destruction on everything in sight. The holiday season of ghosts and witches has been replaced with private and orderly functions. A few of the younger generation still cut harmless pranks such as soaping windows and removing loose articles from their standard places but beyond this the modern Hallowe’en is boiled down to a night of peace.

“Fellers, there won’t be any circus this year after all.

“The high school event scheduled for Dec. 7 was called off today on account of the war conditions, pressing demands of the many benefits, war association work and the pressing attention demanded for raising funds for the various charity movements connected with the war’s activities.

“High school officials have caused the program arranged to be called off. The circus performers disbanded and the activities were turned in other directions.

“It was thought that with the high grade lyceum course provided and other attractions scheduled to appear at the Ramsdell theater from time to time, that the circus would entail unnecessary expense.

“NOW WE HAVE NEARLY four weeks to save up for a Hooverized Thanksgiving dinner.

“ONE DOESN’T SEEM to remember a season when there was so little interest in the football scores.

“IT IS NOW YOUR PRIVILEGE to begin saving for the third Liberty loan.

“ONLY THING that can be said in favor of some of these recent rainy-snowy days is that it is a relief to see something come down, when almost everything is going up.

“DEPARTMENT STORE DEMONSTRATION UNDER AUSPICES OF WOMEN’S MUNICIPAL LEAGUE OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

“EAT CORNBREAD! It’s mighty good eating, and wholesome.

“But corn meal spoils when shipped overseas. Our allies (except Italy) have no mills for grinding the whole corn.

“They don’t know how to bake cornbread and are not used to eating it. With the horror of war right at their doors, whole nations cannot be taught new eating habits.

“Already our allies are making other cereals fill 25 per cent of their bread requirements. If America will make corn meal and other cereals fill 20 per cent of its bread requirements, enough wheat will be saved to meet the needs of our allies.

“Are you willing to do this much to help win the war? If you are, sign the Food Administration pledge this week.

“Courtesy of The Famous 99.”

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