100 Years Ago

The following news items are reprinted from the Manistee Daily News for the week ending March 2, 1918 and are compiled by Teena Kracht from the newspaper archives of the Manistee County Historical Museum. Read more of her 100 Years Ago column at www.manisteenews.com:100 Years Ago

“WASHINGTON, Feb. 22.—Lamb and mutton may be eaten on meatless days until April 15.

“The food administration, making the announcement today, indicated that there is no chance now of lifting the ban on beef and pork.

“Lamb and mutton are not exported to the Allies. Their prohibition heretofore on meatless days has simply left more meat for the other six days, saving beef and pork.

“Tonight’s rally for patriotic citizenship is not alone the only important observance of Washington’s birthday scheduled for today, but it is one of the greatest events of this nature in the history of the city.

“War conditions give added interest to the program, as the meeting is not an isolated affair staged through local impulse. It is part of a concentrated national program to bring patriotic feeling to a higher pitch throughout the nation, not only to augment the spirit of patriotism among the loyal citizenry, but also to bring about greater community of interest between native born and naturalized Americans.

In this city the rally is part of the community Chautauqua meetings that were begun last month but were canceled because of fuel conditions. The Washington birthday meeting had been planned as the climax of the series. The discontinuation of the other meetings does not detract from but rather accentuates the importance of that tonight.

“The Junior Red Cross campaign in the high school comes to a glorious finish today with every student a member and $25 more than was expected in the hands of the teachers in charge of the collection. Over $80 was raised this afternoon when the campaign ended. The money will be used to purchase materials for Red Cross work which will begin next week in the school and will be pushed along as rapidly as possible.

“For the first time in many months the vital statistics of the city for January, submitted to the board of health last night by Health Officer Ellis, show mortality in excess of nativity figures. Deaths recorded during the month numbered 16, two of which were due to tuberculosis, as against 11 births in the same period.

“The city is remarkably free from contagion, but 16 cases of communicable disease coming under the notice of the department last month, and none of these of a virulent nature. Ten were chickenpox, one pneumonia, one measles, two German measles and two tuberculosis.

“The Larsen roller hall will be formally opened Sunday evening, the arrival of 50 more pairs of skates enabling the management to go ahead with plans that had been held back because of the failure of the rolling stock to appear ‘on account of the war.’ This gives them 75 new pair of the newest style of fibre roller skates and will do away with the waiting list inconvenience that the shortage of glide apparatus had made necessary.

“The third floor of the F. C. Larsen building has been thoroughly remodeled for the purpose. A new hardwood floor has been laid, a place partitioned off for spectators, and steam heat carried to the section occupied by the latter. Protective strips of wood have been nailed across the windows to prevent skaters from soaring out into the circumambient air if they lose control while cutting complicated figure eights.

“The Junior Red Cross movement has made good progress this week in Manistee. All the boys and girls have been interested and have wanted to help the good work before, and now they have the opportunity. When each school has raised its quota of 25 cents per pupil, that school will be enrolled as a Junior Red Cross auxiliary and the money thus raised will be used to buy material for them to work with. The especial work the Juniors are asked to do is the making of garments for the refugee children of Europe. However, there will be opportunities to assist the chapter sometimes by making things for the soldiers. For example the first task they may be set to do is to make 400 ‘property bags’ for soldiers in hospitals and 1,000 small ‘shot bags’ for soldiers in cantonments.

“The students and teachers of the high school are adding to their long record of patriotic activities by helping the local draft board fill out the classification cards for educational and industrial data, which the board, already overwhelmed with work, has been asked to make out. The officials at Washington have sent out a broadcast appeal to high school principals to organize teachers for service in this work and the local teachers are responding willingly to the call. The work is done after school and on Saturdays, and for the past three days as many as could be employed were at the court house to offer their services.

“Other branches of work have been done by the commercial department under the direction of Miss Peche, the instructor in the typewriting room. Her students have written 50 letters connected with the Red Cross work for Mrs. F. W. White,, chairman of the committee for the organization of the Junior Red Cross branches in the county, and 20 letters for officers of the Council of National Defense, and 50 copies of the instructions for knitting socks for the Red Cross.

“Other students, under the direction of Miss Winkler, have folded and addressed 850 pieces of mail matter for Mrs. William Lloyd in connection with the present food drive.

“The work is not yet done and principal J. M. Slagh appeals to the students to come forward and do their part when asked, as their assistance releases the officials for more important tasks.

“EVEN FLASHLIGHT POWDER used by photographers comes under the provision of the recently enacted federal explosives law requiring persons handling explosives to take out a federal license. Local dealers in photo supplies have received notification from the wholesalers that they must take out licenses.

“THE INFANT SON of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Sorensen, 316 Fourth St., died last night at 10 o’clock of pneumonia. Funeral arrangements have not as yet been made.

“A capacity audience, in its size both a tribute to the memory of the father of this country and an index of the esteem for their unpretentious, unassuming fellow citizen whom they has come to hear—Richard W. Smith—made the ‘better citizenship’ rally at Ramsdell theatre last night a success beyond the rosiest hopes of those in charge. That a simple holiday program of this nature, offering nothing in the nature of amusement or thrills,’ announced solely as an appeal to loyal citizens to show their loyalty by attending, should meet with such a response emphatically proved the deep-rooted patriotism that holds the mind and heart of the community.

“A noteworthy feature was the large proportion of men and youths all bent on the purpose of learning some way in which they cam better perform their duty to the nation and government in this critical hour.

“New, and in most features more satisfactory schedules have been adopted by the Pere Marquette and Manistee & Northeastern railroads and will go into effect at midnight tonight. The best part of the new arrangement is a better service on the trip to Grand Rapids and the worst part is that Ludington is practically off the map as far as Manistee is concerned, the shortest way there on the P. M from Manistee taking 14 hours and by way of Kaleva seven hours.

“DETROIT, Feb. 23.–The nine-hour day and all fuel restrictions except lightless nights are called off by Fuel Administrator Prudden’s order, issued here today.

“Eighteen young women were interestingly entertained last evening at the home of Miss Mabel Peterson. The party was in keeping with Washington’s birthday and patriotic decorations were in evidence throughout the home. Red, white and blue bunting and large American flags were draped in the archways and on the walls. The national colors were also displayed on the dining room table, which was made attractive by the use of wide red and blue ribbons placed crosswise over the white linens. A two-course luncheon was served at 11 o’clock. Tiny flags, hatchets and designs of the famous cherry tree adorned the cakes and other goodies. The evening was devoted to music, interesting guessing contests and various other amusements.

“WEATHER TODAY is more to our liking. A number of automobiles made their reappearance on the streets, and there are portents of spring.

“NOW THEY’RE TELLING US there may be a snuff famine. A snuff famine must be almost as serious as a parsnip famine.

“OF COURSE, when some of us passed up higher mathematics we had no idea we’d ever have to figure out a 1917 income tax statement.

“The drive for the sale of war stamps, long deferred in Manistee county mainly because of the fact that the weather has been unfavorable to any sort of ‘drive,’ is about to be aggressively launched under the direction of an energetic committee headed by Dr. James R. King.

“’The [women’s] registration in April will mean to a large class of women an awakening to an unsuspected knowledge of themselves,’ says a Manistee woman who is active in Woman’s war work. ‘In the future many will look back upon this period as the time when they first really found themselves.

“Screaming and wailing like a thousand angry demons, a 50-mile gale broke in on the warm rain late yesterday afternoon and turned on the chilliest of winter blasts inside of a few minutes.

“The large, lazy drops of the April-like shower were transformed into whirling, stinging, wind-driven little snow pellets and made passage through the streets a difficult and disagreeable task.

“In the trail of the storm followed the customary annoyances of ripped awnings, broken window glass and penetrating chill in rooms with north or west exposure, besides an interruption in the lighting service that disarranged business and pleasure plans in the early evening and caused their complete disruption shortly before 10 o’clock.

“Incandescent lighting service was resumed at a late hour. All the breaks have been temporarily repaired and will be permanently attended to next Sunday, when the load is light.

“George Daily, who is imprisoned in the jail awaiting trial for forcible entry and attempted robbery of Dr. Cunningham’s [dental] office last Friday, is ill as a result of the restriction of his usual supply of morphine, which he is in the habit of using constantly. He is under the care of Dr. Robinson, who is treating him to enable him to appear in court to face his trial, and is also curing him of the habit.

“Daily is at present in as good condition as could be expected and will be fit to be arraigned within a couple of days.

“Those of the thirsty contingent who have imagined that they can get their wee nippy at the drug stores by giving the clerk a wink when the state goes dry April 30 will have another guess coming when they stack up against the complex system of records the druggists must keep of every bottle of intoxicants bought and sold, as well as of the parties from whom it was bought and to whom it was sold.

“Even a casual glance at the documents reveals the fact that it is a bone-dry law and not a ‘moist’ one that was obtained when the prohibition amendment was carried in the 1916 election.

“WE’VE GOTTEN SO USED to dark bread now that on the rare instances that we do get a piece of nice white bread we don’t feel like eating it until we have dropped it on the floor a couple of times.

“THE BEST WAY OUT of a bad trouble is straight through it.

“PEOPLE WHO LIKE good things are already placing their orders with farmers owning ‘sugar bushes.’ This has been a good buckwheat cakes season, and with the new maple syrup crop an extension will be voted by devotees of this choicest of breakfast foods.

“MASONIC TEMPLE, which has been closed during the past two months as an aid to the fuel conservation efforts, will be reopened Saturday evening, it being the feeling of the trustees that the situation has been relieved sufficiently to justify a resumption of Masonic activities.

“LET’S ALL BE AMERICANS NOW.

“ALL—get that word—old and young, fats and slims, rich and poor—Uncle Sam draws no line on being an American—the one thing that is free as the air you breathe. Thousands of red-blooded Americans are now in training or on the battlefields of France. They are actually SACRIFICING MORE than you have ever been asked to give. It takes money to feed and clothe them, MONEY—MONEY—MONEY—but what would all the money on earth amount to if you yourself were facing death on a battlefield. Look at it from that angle, will you, and thank God you are getting out of the scrape without sacrificing any more.

“’Two Bits’ Will Enlist You in the National Army of Thrift Stamp Savers.

“War-Savings Stamps pay 4 percent interest compounded quarterly and can be turned into cash at any time. They are issued by the United States Government and are the safest investment on earth. On sale at banks, post offices and most stores. Start your collection at once; let us ALL loosen up.

“W.S.S. WAR SAVINGS STAMPS. ISSUED BY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.

“This Page Contributed By:–Manistee Iron Works Co., Louis Sands Salt & Lumber Co., American Woodenware Co, August N. Johnson Machine Shop, Noud Lumber Co.

“As not more than one-half the operators of motor cars have paid the tax for 1918 and many are still using the 1917 license plates, the secretary of state has notified the police departments of cities and the authorities of counties and townships to co-operate in the prompt collection of this tax and the enforcement of the provisions of this important law.

“Police Chief Thomas Grady therefore gives warning to Manistee motorists that the law must be observed or his department will be compelled to make an example of transgressors.

“One-half of the tax collected goes back to the county where it originates and all tax is spent for the benefit of the highways.

“THE SHORTEST MONTH ends today. The man who made the calendar showed his wisdom in cutting two or three days from February. Besides being the shortest month, it is generally credited with having the meanest disposition.

“SAID THE CASUAL OBSERVER, commenting on Monday night’s weather manifestation [the unexpected snow storm]: ‘It’s a shame we can’t bottle some of the power of the wind and apply it to better uses than bustin’ windows and embarrassing young women.’ Quite so.

“KEYNOTE UTTERANCES FROM R. W. SMITH’S ADDRESS ON DUTIES OF CITIZENSHIP.

“Every naturalized citizen who harbors or feels a preference for any other country or ruler as against our country secured American citizenship by perjury, fraud and false pretense.

“If he became a citizen for the purpose of espionage, or remains subservient to any other government or ruler, he is a spy or traitor and treading on dangerous ground.

“We are in a state of war; Germany is our enemy, and while that condition exists we deny that a pro-German has any rights whatever in America, and only such privileges as our government sees fit to give him. America for Americans has become the watchword of our nation.

“The honor and glory of this war shall not pass to our soldiers alone; bravery and courage shall not be confined to the trenches and the firing line.

“We are all at war, on different battle lines arrayed; each has his task to do before the battle’s won; yours may be there where cannon speak; or it may be here, where civil duties call.

“How patiently, how earnestly how efficiently our women serve. What an inspiration to true patriotism they will furnish for all the generations to come.”

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