100 Years Ago

The following news items are reprinted from the Manistee Daily News for the week January 3, through January 9, 1919 and are compiled by Teena Kracht from the newspaper archives of the Manistee County Historical Museum. Read more of her 100 Years Ago column at www.manisteenews.com:


“WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.—Return of the railroads to the several hundred companies which controlled them before the war is impossible if certain important reforms are to be preserved, Director General McAdoo declared in a statement to the senate interstate commerce committee today.

“McAdoo declared there are three alternatives in the railroad situation: Return to the several hundred companies; government ownership and control; or reconstruction of the railroad map so as to wipe out the hundreds of different companies and substitute a few under strict government control to combine the advantages of unified operations with the initiative of private management.

“As its first direct accomplishment the Manistee ‘Welcome Home Committee,’ which perfected its organization yesterday afternoon, announces today that from this date on all soldiers and sailors in uniform will be admitted free to all entertainments at the Lyric theater, with no reservations whatever.

“All returned soldiers and sailors in uniform are merely asked to consider themselves the guests of the Welcome Home Committee and the Lyric theater management and to apply for admissions at the box office at any performance. Under the government regulations they will, of course, be required to pay the war tax. This applies only to men in the uniform of service, and cannot be extended to any others.

“Various plans for the reception and entertainment of homecoming soldiers and sailors were broached, in conjunction with but along broader lines than that of the Red Cross canteen committee, it being the general sense of the meeting than nothing is too good for the boys.

“The Americanization program, the start of which has been twice delayed by the clamping down of the influenza ban, will get under way next Friday night, January 10, according to an announcement made this morning by Prof. S. W. Baker.

“The Junior Red Cross work despite the festivities of the holiday season, has steadily forged ahead under the inspiring leadership of Mrs. J. W. Gregory, who has devoted all her spare time to the cause, interviewing personally many people in various parts of the city, and spending hours at the telephone and desk, keeping in touch with the work throughout the country.

“Mrs. Gregory and Miss Olive Vadeboncoeur have prepared for shipment to Belgium this week the following articles made by members of the Manistee County Junior Red Cross: 15 dresses, three pairs rompers, seven nightgowns, 36 pieces of underwear, 17 winter bonnets, four pieces and knitted quilts.

“The way sweet cider sells nowadays gives rise to the suspicion that there is a higher law than the dry law—the law of fermentation.

“Michigan’s manner of issuing automobile licenses seems to put an excessive tax on everybody concerned, but principally on good nature.

“‘What goes up must come down’ may be sound truth insofar as it relates to physics but it does not seem to apply to the price of things.

“The Christ Hansen arrested on a disorderly conduct and fined $5 and costs by Justice Erb Thursday is not Christ Hansen of Thirteenth and Vine streets. The latter has been embarrassed because of the acts of his namesake. There are half a dozen Christ Hansens in the city.

“Our idea of the super-man is one who can instantly conquer the habit off writing it 1918.

“Two big jobs this young year has on its hands is to end the flu epidemic and the Bolsheviki plague.

“WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—‘Make Mexico pay’ was the demand raised with ever-growing emphasis here today.

“So strong has the demand grown that the senate foreign relations committee agreed to report immediately a resolution directing the state department to begin vigorous action to force Carranza’ government to an accounting.

“Prompt payment of claims of Americans who suffered loss through bandit raids or attacks of Mexican federal troops in Mexico, and the adoption by this government of an attitude which will constitute a rebuke to Mexico for virtually siding with Germany in the war are demanded.

“IPSWICH, England, Jan. 4.—A new world airplane altitude of 30,500 feet has been established here today by Capt. Lang, pilot, and Lieut. Blowers, observer. Their motor stopped at that height, due to exhaustion of their petrol supply, but they landed safely.

“Both Lang and Blowers are in hospital with frozen hands and feet.

“The latter fainted at 20,000 feet when the pipe through which he was breathing oxygen from a specially designed apparatus became disconnected. He did not recover consciousness until the landing was made. The flight was made in a British built plane.

“LANSING, Jan. 4—No time was lost by the Michigan legislature in ratifying the amendment to the federal constitution which provides for nationwide prohibition.

“Michigan is the sixteenth state to ratify the prohibition amendment. Anti-saloon leaders declared today they were confident that sufficient states will ratify the proposal during the year to make the nation dry by January 1, 1920.

“The cheery hospitable lights of the E. G. Filer home in Filer City shone out bright and clear Wednesday evening [New Year’s Eve] through a blinding snowstorm as though expressing good will to all and gave special welcome to seven dinner guests Mr. Filer and Miss Filer entertained.

“They were Mr. and Mrs. P Schnorbach, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Musselwhite, Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Bigge, and sister of the latter from Detroit, Mrs. Harold Grant.

“Killarney roses in high transparent vase resting on white lace and fluffy pink tulle between crystal candlesticks that bore stately colonial candles formed the centerpiece.

“Pink and green, like a musical motif, was the key-note of the color scheme, most ingeniously and artistically blended in the sumptuous eight-course dinner.

“The fair price food board, which has been in existence since the first of October, has been dissolved by order of the state food administrator, George O. Nye, county administrator announced this morning. The board was created as a step against profiteering.

“Returned soldiers and sailors are urgently requested by the canteen committee of the Red Cross to present themselves at headquarters and fill out the welcome home cards. These cards are needed to complete the military records of Manistee county. [The cards] will be filed for permanent keeping.

“Despite the heavy snow fall of the past several days the county roads are not in any way of being blocked. The snow is so light and fluffy that it has been an easy matter to push through.

“As a result the sleighing is not any too good. And it is no difficulty to push through on wheels as easily as on runners. A little thaw to settle the snow would make the roads much better for bobs and cutters.

“Turkey is preparing to prepare herself bankrupt. Turkey has never been anything but a liability to the world, anyhow.

“If you think life is dreary and sad and the winter is going to be long and hard, just get out the old popcorn popper and pop. The music of it will cheer your soul.

“A picture of Lieut. Harold J. King, son of Dr. and Mrs. James A. King, was recently published in the New York Herald magazine. It was included with a number of other heroes who had made the supreme sacrifice on the field of battle.

“ROOSEVELT IS DEAD OF BLOOD CLOT ON HEART; LONG SICK. Death Comes As Ex-President Is Sleeping—Had Gone To Bed Apparently Well—He Was One of Nation’s Best Known Figures.

“Roosevelt was 60 years old and was born in New York. He was the twenty-sixth president of the United States, succeeding to the presidency on the death of William McKinley, who was shot and killed by a fanatic at Buffalo in 1901, and re-elected to the highest office in the land in 1902.

“The colonel’s health had not been good for some time. He had undergone an operation shortly before leaving the hospital and was practically deaf as a result of it.

“The death of Quentin Roosevelt [flyer in the war], his son, is believed to have hastened his end. Col. Roosevelt was planning a trip to Europe to visit the boy’s grave.

“Private Alex J. Hornkohl, Jr., Manistee county’s youngest volunteer, and a veteran of 18 months service, most of which was spent on the western front, returned home unexpectedly Saturday night. He had been confined to the military hospital on Ellis Island, New York, for continued treatment for a wound received October 29, having arrived in New York shortly before Christmas.

“Private Hornkohl wears four badges: the French Medaille Blesse, the Overseas Campaign Badge, the American Wound Campaign Badge, and the Allied Conference Badge. His major wound was in the head, his skull being fractured. This caused a partial paralysis of his right leg, necessitating the use of a cane.

“It is difficult to say whether ‘Sunny’ was happier at being home than his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Alex Hornkohl, Cypress street, were in being surprised by his arrival. He has gone through a great adventure and has come back. He wouldn’t have missed it, nor would he want to go through it again. He will remain in Manistee several days and return to the Ellis Island hospital. From there he will probably be transferred to a reconstruction hospital. He must be fully recovered from his wounds, which in addition to the high explosive injuries consist of gas and shell shock, before he will be given his discharge.

“LONDON, Dec. 17. (By Mail).—Londoners expect to see airplane carryalls making regular passenger runs to Paris and London before spring.

“Within a few days after the signing of the armistice announcements came of plans for cross-channel trips.

“Within a few hours, hundreds of persons had booked passage.

“WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.—The four army airplanes which left San Diego, Cal., December 4, on the first transcontinental flight ever undertaken, landed Monday afternoon near Washington. Major Albert Smith commanded the squadron. The elapsed flying time for the whole trip was 50 hours. The flight was completed with the same machines that started from San Diego.

“The purpose of the flight was to locate landing places for subsequent transcontinental trips and to map a regular air route across the southern end of the nation.

“Speaking before the Masonic Blue Lodge last night, Alex Hornkohl, Jr., just back from France with wounds and honors, told interestingly of his experiences in the battle lines in France, and emphasized the fact that the finest thing in connection with war is getting home again.

“More influenza bills were presented to the common council at its meeting last night. They totaled nearly $800, most of them being claims put in by local physicians for services rendered. With one exception they were ordered paid, while the city will later present bills to equal the amount to the county for payment.

“The claim not allowed was presented by Dr. Kathryn Bryan. It amounted to $427. It was referred to the city manager, who will investigate and report his recommendations at the next regular meeting. The bill covers the physician’s services in attending influenza patients at Mercy and Emergency hospitals and for investigating cases.

“A report on the use of the Seagrave and Cadillac [fire] trucks during the past year was included in the city manager’s report, submitted to the common council meeting last night.

“The Seagrave has been driven 194 miles and has consumed 379 gallons of gasoline, and 21 gallons of oil have been used on the big machine.

“The Cadillac traveled nearly twice as far, 344 miles having been recorded, with a consumption of 100 gallons of gasoline and only 3 quarts of oil.

“What will a Republican national convention be like without Roosevelt?

“T. R. was a famous American who helped to make America famous.

“CIVIL WAR SPREADS OVER GERMANY. Wave of revolt engulfs many of empire’s big cities. Work Has Been Suspended Throughout Continent—American Embassy Is Stormed By Rioters and 20 Persons Are Killed—Yankees To Occupy Berlin Is Report.

“WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.—An effort to tighten immigration restrictions will be made at this session of congress despite the shortness of time before final adjournment.

“Chairman Burnett of the house immigration committee today called his committee together to try to get an agreement on some measure that will halt the rush to American shores expected as soon as there is shipping space.

“There are two measures before Burnett’s committee. One…would halt immigration for four years from date of its passage.

“The other would stop immigration for two years.

“The exceptions made in both bills are government officials, skilled laborers, refugees from religious persecution and returning soldiers who are aliens.

“‘We cannot allow an influx of a million untrained workers a year during our readjustment period,’ Burnett said.

“The Blue Wolves are loose.

“Last night they entered the Famous 99 and made away with approximately $5 in change which they found in the till. Whether any of the stock is gone was not ascertained.

“In order that their visit might not pass unnoticed, the culprits left a note where it could easily be found.

“‘We have paid you a visit,’ it said, and was signed ‘The Blue Wolves.’

“Manager John Madison thinks that the theft was the work of boys.

“Winter of the Bolshevik brand swooped down upon Manistee yesterday afternoon and continued through the night to whip snow up into well-nigh impassable drifts, to put a number of telephone lines out of commission, paralyze railroad traffic and generally play havoc.

“About 125 people were present at the meeting held last night at the high school for men who had taken out their first citizens papers but not their second. The purpose of the meeting, according to Prof S. W. Baker, was to bring about a closer contact of declarants with those who are already naturalized. Before the close of the meeting everyone wanted to become a full-fledged American citizen.

“Turn Huns loose even in Berlin Imperial palace and they do the same sort of thing they did in the French chateaux.

“Unhappy Lansing! It has both an influenza epidemic and a session of the legislature on its hands, proving again that misfortunes rarely some singly.

“Europe’s labor shortage may be solved by putting the American tourists to work.”



Posted by Michelle Graves

Michelle is the managing editor of the Manistee News Advocate. You can reach her at (231) 398-3106 or mgraves@pioneergroup.com.

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