100 Years Ago

The following news items are reprinted from the Manistee Daily News for the week February 14, through February 20, 1919 and are compiled by Teena Kracht from the newspaper archives of the Manistee County Historical Museum. Read more of her 100 Years Ago column at www.manisteenews.com:

“(By United Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.—Rep. Lewis, chairman of the house liquor committee, today introduced a bill to suspend all constitutional rights now claimed by persons having liquor in their possession.

“The bill first amends the prohibition law so as to make the possession or transportation of any intoxicating fluid illegal. This is followed by the permission to officers to search anything and any place except private dwellings for liquor.

“Automobiles, boats, wagons and all other receptacles containing liquor are to be confiscated and sold by the state. Clubs, lodges and hotels are forbidden to carry liquor under and consideration.

“Patent medicines containing alcohol are classed as intoxicating liquors.

“PARIS, Feb. 14.—President Wilson is scheduled to begin his homeward journey at 10 o’clock tonight, when he will leave Paris for Brest on a special train. He probably will sail tomorrow on the GEORGE WASHINGTON which is reported arrived in Brest.

MONROE, Feb. 14.—One hundred seventy-five smugglers loaded with booze gave the state police a slip this morning, when they leaped from a freight car and escaped in the darkness.

“DETROIT, Feb. 14.—Two hundred undesirables, the majority of them German and Austrian aliens, who preached sedition against the government, were awaiting deportation here today, G. O. Frick, head of the federal bureau of investigation announced.

“WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.—Court martials in the American army were only outdone in harshness by Prussia, Russia and Spain, according to General Ansell, acting judge advocate, in a statement issued here today.

“Gen. Ansell presented this group of heroic examples:

“Soldier went home, without leave, to his dying father. He was sentenced to death.

“Forty years imprisonment was meted out to soldiers who refused to give up cigarettes when discovered violating the kitchen police smoking rule.

“Death sentence given to soldier who refused to drill because he was too ill.

“Fifteen years given to soldier who went home to see his ill wife and baby.

“Postmaster J. A. King has received notification that a public auction would be held at the various army camps, of the sale of cavalry horses, artillery horses, wheel mules, lead mules and pack mules. Approximately 500 head will be sold at each sale.

“The influenza epidemic which has been alarming Bear Lake people for the past week, is abating according to reports from that community. In all about 50 cases have been reported, but none of the patients have died. Several developed pneumonia.

“Reading the peace news from Paris, it is hart to tell whether this world war is just finishing or just starting.

“On account of the downpour of rain this morning it was necessary to stop work of cutting ice by the Michigan Lumber company and by Otto Peterson. The fall of snow after the rain will somewhat hinder further work.

“John Barleycorn has lost his place in the sun, but he has his moonshine still.

“WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.—Spanish influenza has caused more deaths in this country during the last four months than America’s losses by death in 19 months of war. That was revealed by figures made public here today showing the extent of the scourge and its companion disease, pneumonia, in this country.

“Captain Hugo Sundstedt hopes to win undying fame and $110,000 in prize monse by being the first aviator to bridge the ocean. Captain Sundstedt is a Swedish aviator of wide experience, 31 years old. He will take two mechanics and one passenger.

“Whether Sundstedt succeeds or not, somebody is going to make the United States-Europe flight this year.

“Misses Ruth and Doris Sherman entertained about 25 young people at a Valentine dancing party last evening at their home on Pine Street. The rooms were prettily decorated in red and white, red hearts and other valentine decorations being used profusively. Dancing and games were enjoyed during the evening. Delicious refreshments were served.

“Today closes the ‘Pay-Up Week’ campaign. From the standpoint of the campaign too acquaint the public with the fact that paying bills on time is the easiest way and in the long run, profitable, it was a success. A majority of the merchants have discovered that the drive has aroused delinquents from their state of ennui.

“’I do not carry a large credit business,’ said a prominent River Street merchant this morning, ‘but comparing this year with last year, accounts have been reduced one-third.’

“At the adjourned meeting of the common council held last night, it was decided that the city give a year’s contract to a visiting nurse trained by the local Red Cross chapter, the course starting next week at Ann Arbor. It will last for 17 weeks…

“The city’s employment of the nurse will date from next October, according to plans discussed last night, previous to that time, should there arise an emergency.

“The Spanish influenza epidemic at Bear Lake is taking its toll of lives. The first death was that of Mrs. Samuel L. Smith, who died Friday morning. She was 48 years old.

“Miss Hattie Johnson, a high school girl, died Friday afternoon of pneumonia. She was taken ill with influenza about a week ago.

“That Manistee has a number of ‘patriots for appearance sake’ is indicated in the announcement made by Postmaster J. A. King this morning that many Manistee people who bought War Savings Stamps during the 1918 campaign are now asking for their redemption.

“When Uncle Sam sold the War Savings Stamps it was with the view of getting money and those people cashing these stamps now are only hindering the government program. All owners of stamps are urged to keep them until the date of maturity. The war is over but Uncle Sam still needs the money.

“Does any one recall a year which failed to produce a land fraud in Oklahoma?

“Dr. Kathryn M. Bryan was called yesterday to Bear Lake to help relieve the flu situation in that section, which is reported as quite serious. She will return tomorrow night.

“Word has been received by John C. Beukema that the Manistee county fuel administration, of which he is the head, will cease to exist the first of March. The announcement came from the office of the state administrator, W. K. Prudden.

“William J. Vavra of Chicago, United States naturalization examiner, is in Manistee in the interest of the Americanization movement which has been started the country over. He is here to actively co-operate in the appointment of a community committee which will have in mind the making of good American citizens of the aliens who live here.

“He found that the work had been well started here through the community Chautauqua meetings and the recently established night school, in charge of Supt. S. W. Baker, and through the co-operation of the Board of Commerce.

“Registration of qualified women voters for the April general election is continuing briskly at the city hall, about 850 women having already registered.

“At a meeting of the county superintendents of the poor held today, J. Ed Conway of Bear Lake was appointed keeper of the county infirmary, to succeed Eugene Wexstaff, whose term expires on March 31, and whose resignation was tendered some time ago.

“We presume that the soldier who was sentenced to 15 years for smoking a cigarette in the kitchen, is glad he smoked only one.

“Dr, Kathryn M. Bryan is still in Bear Lake helping relieve the flu situation which is very critical at the present time. Another death from the disease occurred yesterday.

“Beginning with last Monday, the students of the high school started on their second semester studies. Nearly all of the studies are continuations of those taken the first semester, except that Civics is taught instead of American History, and a course in Hygiene and Sanitation is given instead of Zoology.

“WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.—Senator Borah today declined President Wilson’s invitation to dine at the White House and discuss the League of Nations.

“He based his refusal on two points: First, he and the president were fundamentally at odds regarding any league of nations plan; and that he could not allow himself to be bound by a confidential discussion, no part of which he could later use in argument or public discussion.

“WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.—Women who took men’s jobs for war work are refusing to return to peace time pursuits.

“This is shown by reports of the United States employment service from all industrial centers of the country.

“Women hold that if they are to step out the government must find other work for them. Many employers back the demands of the women because their labor can be obtained at lower cost than that of men.

“Now, listen! The great mystery is solved. Ever since the women began wearing those tight skirts the he-public has been wondering about petticoats. According to several thousand eye-witnesses, petticoats ain’t. It’s bloomers instead. Long ones, vari-colored and vari-cute, caught in just above the ankle, with the dearest little riffles.

“This was received today by an inquisitive witness.

“A Red Cross Canteen service that is on the job 24 hours every day, with the surprise of their lives for soldiers returning by way of Kaleva junction is the boast of the little up-state village. Regularly, day or night, the Kaleva Red Cross girls are on hand with coffee, sandwiches and free hotel accommodations. Furthermore, boys going into the country are provided with rigs without charge.

“The second night school, after its organization two weeks ago, was held last night in the sophomore session room of the Woodrow Wilson high school. According too Prod. S. W. Baker about 30 men attended, this being an increase of five over the first meeting held last week.

“A man, 40 years old, who works all day, walked three miles to take advantage of this rare opportunity. Mr. Baker said, ‘Every week out of the month, I expect to see my classes increase with earnest, education-seekers.’

“Considerable prominence has been given by state papers in reporting a movement on foot at Brethren, Dickson township, to run a complete woman’s ticket at the primary election, May 5.

“Communication this noon with a prominent resident of Brethren brought out the fact that such a plan had been suggested, but had fallen through due to lack of interest.

“Thirty-six women, 60 per cent of the women voters, have registered in Dickson township for the election.

“Real Americans stand for Americanism and no other ism on earth.

“The suffragists can’t express their opinion of the senate because it isn’t ladylike to use that kind of words.

“At the regular meeting of the council last night the new electrical ordinance…was adopted.

“The new ordinance empowers the council to appoint an electrical inspector, who shall assume the supervision of all wiring installations in the city. It will be his duty to see that wiring, equipment and installation conforms with the latest edition of the National Electrical code.

“The ordinance also provides that no person, firm or corporation shall equip any building with wiring or apparatus without notifying the inspector. His fee for each inspection will be $1.50.

“More than 75 names of children who have left school to go to work throughout the city and county have been handed in to Mrs. Clara Eskildsen in charge of the Child’s Welfare Bureau of the Woman’s National Council for Defense.

“During the past week the committee directing the ‘Back to School’ campaign has been doing very effective work in looking up children who are working…

“The committee says while canvassing the homes around the Polish district of the city, never have they seen such courtesy and welcome. Everywhere they went they were gladly received, showing that the mothers and fathers of the working children wish them to get as much of an education as they can.

“Mrs. Eskildsen states that there are no children in the county under 16 years of age who are working, and those who are holding some position are making good. She says that it flatters the schools, because they have taken their work in hand so earnestly and skillfully, for making men and women out of the children, and hopes that in the near future all may go back to school and resume their studies and acquire a more thorough education.

“The health situation in Manistee is the best it has been this winter, according to acting Health Officer Dr. Homer Ramsdell, whose report was submitted to the council last night.

“Influenza is pretty well held in check. Since Jan. 21 only 22 cases were reported. In this period there were only 25 cases of communicable diseases, classified as follows: Influenza 22, Tuberculosis 2 and Whooping Cough 1.

“Dr. Kathryn M. Bryan yesterday returned from Bear Lake, where she has been since last Friday assisting in curbing the influenza epidemic in that locality. She reports it is well under control now, only five cases being reported Tuesday.

“Between 150 and 175 cases are now being fought. There are 10 cases of severe pneumonia.

“’The situation at Bear Lake,’ said Dr. Bryan yesterday, ‘was a genuine Influenza epidemic. A change for the better now has come. I expect to remain in the city, going to Bear Lake during the day to aid the patients.’

“Because of the softness of the ice, the Michigan Lumber company last night had a force of men begin work at 10 o’clock to harvest its ice crop. The cold evening gave a firmer footing on which to work, and cutting and salting was continued until 9 o’clock this morning. The night plan will also be followed tonight.

“The soldiers are wearing their laurels becomingly, but what they most want to wear is their overalls on the old job.

“The income tax blanks are arriving from Washington. Now for the dirty work!”

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